ñam ñam bon profit

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Bon profit, Palma De Mallorca, Spain. 217 likes. Las recetas que van saliendo de mis fogones, faciles y asequibles, nada de ingredientes raros y elaboraciones sofisticadas. En ….
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image of Proinflammatory Cytokines in the Olfactory Mucosa Result ...

Proinflammatory Cytokines in the Olfactory Mucosa Result ...

Since the last days of 2019, Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been spreading throughout the world (of 6 October 2019–11 December 2019 based on phylogenic evidence 1), and as of this writing (17 April 2020) it has infected more than 2,000,000 individuals, caused about 140,000 deaths, and put a huge burden on the economies of nations. 2 SARS-COV-2 is not the …Studies have found increased rates of dysosmia in patients with Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the mechanism that causes olfactory loss is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to explore local proinflammatory cytokine ....
From: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted RESEARCH re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic.

Studies have found increased rates of dysosmia in patients with Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the mechanism that causes olfactory loss is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to explore local proinflammatory cytokine levels in the olfactory epithelium in patients with COVID-19. Biopsies of the olfactory epithelium were taken from patients with confirmed COVID-19 as well as uninfected controls. Levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1-beta (IL-1β) were assessed using ELISA and compared between groups. Average TNF-α levels were significantly increased in the olfactory epithelium of the COVID-19 group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). However, no differences in IL-1β were seen between groups. Elevated levels of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α were seen in the olfactory epithelium in patients with COVID-19. This suggests that direct inflammation of the olfactory epithelium could play a role in the acute olfactory loss described in many patients with COVID-19.

Since the last days of 2019, Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been spreading throughout the world (of 6 October 2019–11 December 2019 based on phylogenic evidence1), and as of this writing (17 April 2020) it has infected more than 2,000,000 individuals, caused about 140,000 deaths, and put a huge burden on the economies of nations.2 SARS-COV-2 is not the first member of coronaviridea family to cause illness. In humans, after the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) epidemics, this is the third one in the last two decades.3,4

COVID-19 patients have presented with various symptoms, from a simple fever or a mild cough to severe pneumonia and multiple organ failure (mortality rate = 2–4%).5 According to recent evidence, sudden loss of taste or smell can also occur as a result of COVID-19 infection. Therefore, dysgeusia and anosmia might be considered as symptoms of COVID-19.5

To clarify the underlying cause of anosmia in COVID-19 patients, the entry pathway of this virus should be described at first. In general, coronaviruses enter the host cells via attachment of their specific glycoprotein spikes with matching host-cell receptors. These spikes involve some variable regions in their structure, named receptor-binding domain (RBD), which is responsible for direct interaction with host-cell receptors. Among members of every clade of coronaviruses, RBDs are identical; Therefore, the RBD in SARS-CoV-2 is identical to that in SARS-CoV (responsible for an outbreak in 2003). The RBD of the SARS clade binds to angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on the surface of host cells.6 As a result, theoretically, it can be concluded that tissues with high expression of ACE2 on their cell surface are more vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2. Lungs, heart, oral mucosa, kidneys, testis, and intestine are examples of high ACE2 expressing tissues.7

Another step to understand the mechanism of anosmia caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection is determining the pathophysiology. According to previous studies, anosmia can occur as a result of damage in three levels; (1) disturbance of olfactory receptors in oral or nasal mucosa (sensorineural olfactory loss), (2) disconnection of efferent nerves from receptors to the brain, or (3) brain damage.8 Sensorineural olfactory loss occurs as a result of destruction of the olfactory neuroepithlium by toxic inflammatory factors (such as TNF-α and IL-1β) and infiltrating inflammatory cells that cause tissue damage.9,10 Determining the role of these inflammatory mediators in tissue damage of olfactory neuroepithelium may explain the mechanism of COVID-19 related anosmia.

Briefly, although there is much evidence supporting the fact that anosmia occurs as a result of COVID-19, the underlying pathophysiology of this phenomenon is still unknown. In this study, we intended to determine if disturbance of the olfactory mucosa as a result of inflammation, caused by SARS-CoV-2, can explain the cause of this anosmia.

The mean level of IL-1β in the COVID-19 group was 189 pg/mL, compared to 157.5 pg/mL in the control group. However, this difference was not statistically significant (A). The mean level of TNF-α in the COVID-19 group was 82.33 pg/mL, compared to 60.5 pg/mL in the control tissue (P < 0.05) (B). There were statistically significant differences between study group and level of TNF-α in both crude (P < 0.015) and adjusted (P < 0.026) models. As shown in Table1, the patient group showed an increase of the TNF-α concentration when adjusted for age, sex, general anesthesia, and outcome covariates. It means that the observed difference significance between the study group and serum level of TNF-α was not attenuated after adjusting for age, sex, general anesthesia, and outcome of study subjects (Table1). The sample size was small, and the findings should be interpreted with caution.

Previously, other members of the coronaviridae family caused anosmia, so this presentation is not specific to the novel SARS-COV-2.11,12 Neuropathology and medical imaging play a vital role in the detection of the abnormalities in cranial nerves, brain, and olfactory bulb of the patients with COVID-19 infection.13 During the last few weeks, many patients have reported sudden hyposmia and anosmia as the concomitant symptoms of COVID-19 infection. Since the symptoms of anosmia or hyposmia were not specifically recognized in these patients, COVID-19 may not be diagnosed clearly.

There are a few studies on the appearance of olfactory dysfunction due to COVID-19,14−18 and only one study has reported anosmia or hyposmia as a symptom of COVID-19 infection.19 Recently, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco have used chemosensory function changes as pretest predictors for COVID-19 positivity, and they believe that relevant cohorts need to be done to refine classifier performance.20 Moreover, a recent study considered sudden chemosensitive dysfunction as an important clinical implication.21 If the major part of smell loss in these cases recovers within a few weeks, it can be supposed that the COVID-19 virus has led to an inflammatory reaction in the nasal cavity, which temporarily prevents odors from reaching the olfactory receptor neurons. Olfactory neuron injuries require a longer period of regrowth and regeneration of axons to produce beneficial synapses with the olfactory bulb.22

Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which is considered as the receptor of SARS-CoV-2, may be specific to some individuals. Some investigation have proposed that some of the ACE2 variants can diminish the relationship between the SARS-CoV 2-protein and human ACE2.23 In other words, the level of expression of ACE2 in various tissues may be vital for the outcome, sensitivity, and the symptoms of COVID-19 infection.23 Additionally, a recent study which identifies ACE2-expressing cells (SARS-CoV-2 receptor) reveals that there are higher levels of ACE2 expressed in respiratory epithelial cells in comparison with the olfactory epithelium. Nevertheless, olfactory epithelial cells, but not olfactory receptor neurons (e.g., horizontal basal cells and supporting cells), express ACE2.24 Virus transmission may be accompanied by other pathways, which are directly harmful for the olfactory bulb.22 In this study, we hypothesize that the mechanism responsible for COVID-19 related anosmia is the impairment of olfactory receptors in the nasal and oral mucosa. According to a previous study, this impairment can occur as a result of inflammation, which can kill olfactory neurons.21,25 Therefore, we measured IL-1β and TNF-α in the samples of three deceased patients who had COVID-19 infection.

As time goes by and overproduction of cytokines continues, olfactory neurons start to die, which can lead to histologic changes in the neuroepithelium. Notably, if production of inflammatory cytokines is stopped, the basal stem cells (within the epithelium) are able to regenerate new olfactory neurons; this process may help to regain olfactory function.25 Altogether, this evidence implies that inflammation can lead to sensorineural anosmia. Therefore, seeking new strategies for elimination of certain inflammatory mediators can be helpful in finding an effective treatment for COVID-associated anosmia.26

Among all of the cytokines that are involved in inflammatory diseases of the nasal mucosa, TNF-α is one of the most powerful and relevant inflammatory mediators associated with many cell types.27,28 Although it has been proved that TNF-α can affect olfactory neuron function, the specific mechanism of this phenomenon has not been specified yet. TNF-α receptors and mRNA for TNF-α itself are expressed in normal epithelial cells.29 Our results showed a considerable increase in the amount of TNF-α, which was one of the inflammation factors we assessed. TNF-α exposure in olfactory tissue can be accompanied by some specific histopathological consequences. Inflammatory infiltration occurs in response to local TNF-α expression; this incident can lead to a considerable expansion of the olfactory submucosa.25

Another factor we assessed in our study was IL-1β. When COVID-19 infection occurs in the upper or lower respiratory tract, it may cause a wide spectrum of symptoms, from mild to highly acute respiratory syndrome, and trigger the release of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin IL-1β. When COVID-19 binds to the toll-like receptor (TLR), pro-IL-1β is released. Furthermore, pro-IL-1β is cleaved by caspase-1, which leads to inflammasome activation and production of active mature IL-1β. Then, active mature IL-1β can mediate fever, lung inflammation, and fibrosis. Interestingly, it has been proved that when proinflammatory IL-1 family members are suppressed, they might have therapeutic effects on many inflammatory diseases (such as viral infections);30 our results showed an increase in the amount of IL-1β. On the other hand, the test for the existence of coronavirus in cerebrospinal fluid was negative in our study (data not shown), so we think that the chance of central nervous damage is low in anosmic patients. Although overall different studies have presented different hypotheses on the underlying mechanism involved in COVID-19 anosmia,22,31−35 the mechanism behind the anosmia is not fully understood. The evidence from this report in line with previous studies on TNF-α and IL-1β can be taken into consideration for future strategies for control and treatment of COVID-19.


image of Mixed Sports Tipster: Super Sports Capper - Betting Gods

Mixed Sports Tipster: Super Sports Capper - Betting Gods

£194.29 Profit Per Month. Money talks and Allan has certainly done plenty of talking by achieving a huge average monthly profit of £194.29. Wouldn’t that come in handy each month?Super Sports Capper is an expert Mixed Sports tipster who has achieved an ROI of 11.28% since joining the Betting Gods network in September 2020.
From: bettinggods.com

Disclaimers

The stats and figures on this page are based on the past performance of the Super Sports Capper service using the recommended starting bank and, where monetary values have been used, 10 stakes. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Gambling is very risky and careless gambling can result in the loss of substantial sums of money. Please gamble responsibly.

ClickBank is the retailer of products on this site. CLICKBANK® is a registered trademark of Click Sales, Inc., a Delaware corporation located at 1444 S. Entertainment Ave., Suite 410 Boise, ID 83709, USA and used by permission. ClickBank's role as retailer does not constitute an endorsement, approval or review of these products or any claim, statement or opinion used in promotion of these products.


image of Free Monitoring and Evaluation Training for NGOs - Arqaam

Free Monitoring and Evaluation Training for NGOs - Arqaam

M&E Capacity Support Program . In the humanitarian sector, Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and Technology for Development (T4D) are areas that are often considered secondary tasks. This means that they are frequently under-resourced within an …Arqaam offers free monitoring and evaluation training. We empower new NGOs through open-source resources and one-on-one expert training..
From: www.arqaam.eu

M&E Capacity Support Program

In the humanitarian sector, Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and Technology for Development (T4D) are areas that are often considered secondary tasks. This means that they are frequently under-resourced within an organisation, despite being an important aspect. We want to help change this and believe that new, small and grass-roots organisations should not be left out. That’s why we have developed this free monitoring and evaluation training program.

We support newly established and grass-roots organisations in improving their M&E practice. We believe the most effective way to do so is through open-source training materials, and one-on-one virtual training with our M&E experts.

We offer direct organisational support on the following topics:

We do not want to replace M&E staff, but work with your staff to build their capacity. This will enable them to take on these tasks in the future.

Lastly, we want to ensure our free monitoring and evaluation training goes to the right organisations. Thus if you are interested, your organisation should meet the following criteria. You should only operation on national, regional or local level, but not internationally. Your organisational yearly turnover has to be less than 250,000 USD. You do not need any official registration.

If you are interested, please send us an email: info [at] arqaam. eu


32 Aquarii - Wikipedia

32 Aquarii is a binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Aquarius. 32 Aquarii is its Flamsteed designation.It is visible to the naked eye as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 5.29. This system is moving away from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +19 km/s, and is a possible member of the corona of the Ursa Major flow..
From: en.wikipedia.org

Star in the constellation Aquarius

32 Aquarii is a binary star system in the zodiac constellation of Aquarius. 32 Aquarii is its Flamsteed designation. It is visible to the naked eye as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 5.29.[2] This system is moving away from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +19 km/s,[2] and is a possible member of the corona of the Ursa Major flow.[10]

This is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with an (assumed) circular orbit having a period of only 7.8 days. It has an a sin i value of 0.777 Gm (0.00519 AU),[6] where a is the semimajor axis and i is the orbital inclination. Since the sine function can be no larger than one, this provides a lower bound on the true semimajor axis of their orbit.

The primary component is an metallic-line (Am) star[6] with the calcium K line of an A3 star, the hydrogen lines of an F1 star, and the metal lines of an F2 star.[4] It is a sharp-lined, slowly rotating star[11] with a projected rotational velocity of 9.6 km/s[6] and is about 465 million years old.[7] The star has 1.69[7] times the mass of the Sun and three[1] times the Sun's radius. It is radiating 29[1] times the luminosity of the Sun from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 7,976 K.[7]

References[edit]


image of Débitmètre | PCE Instruments

Débitmètre | PCE Instruments

Débitmètre. Vous trouverez ici le débitmètre pour la mesure de la vitesse et du débit volumétrique. Selon le type d'application, le debitmetre est fabriqué en tant que debitmetre à fil chaud, débitmètre d'air à hélice ou debitmetre hermétique portable en format de poche. Le débitmètre d'air permetDebitmetre. Vous trouverez ici le debitmetre pour la mesure de la vitesse et du debit volumetrique. Selon le type d'application, le debitmetre est fabrique en tant que debitmetre a fil chaud, debitmetre d'air a helice ou debitmetre hermetique portable en format de poche. Le debitmetre d'air permet.
Keyword: débitmètre, debitmetre, débitmètres, debitmetres, acheter, shop, shopping, achats en ligne, dropshipping, achat, économiser, en promotion, offre, expédition, maison de vente par correspondance, boutique internet, favorable, à bas prix, a bon compte, vente, sales, boutique en ligne, ordre, grand magasin, bonne affaire, shops, produits, nouveautées, PCE instruments, mesureur, mesureurs, appareils de mesure, appareils mesure, appareil de mesure, appareil mesure, appareils, appareil, mesure, instruments de mesure, instrument de mesure
From: www.pce-instruments.com

Voici un debitmetre qui mesure la vitesse du flux et la vitesse du debit. Les differents modeles de debitmetre se distinguent par le type de moyen utilise pour la mesure et le champ d’utilisation ou d’application. Nous vous donnons ci-apres une vision generale du debitmetre afin de detecter avec precision le debit des liquides et/ou des gaz. Le debitmetre contient un microprocesseur qui garantit une grande precision et une grande fiabilite de mesure.

Ce debitmetre est indique pour un usage industriel, pour la recherche et le developpement et il se caracterise par un temps de reponse tres court, et certains modeles possedent des carcasses protegees contre la poussiere et l’eau. Il est egalement possible d’equiper le debitmetre d’un etalonnage d’usine ou d’un certificat d’etalonnage conformement a la norme ISO 9000, ainsi que d’autres accessoires en option que vous trouverez dans notre boutique en ligne.

Afin de garantir toujours la plus grande precision de mesure, il est possible d’ajuster le debitmetre. Vous pouvez egalement demander en option un certificat d’etalonnage d’usine ou un certificat d’etalonnage ISO. Vous pouvez en faire la demande lors de votre commande ou lorsque vous enverrez le debitmetre pour son recalibrage, conformement aux recommandations de votre controle interne de qualite. Il inclut un etalonnage realise par un laboratoire et un certificat conformement a ISO. Le debitmetre de la serie PCE-VR est disponible dans plusieurs versions, ce qui lui permet de s’adapter a tous les systemes de tuyauterie ou de ventilation.


image of Hackerearth-General Programming - KodNest

Hackerearth-General Programming - KodNest

Given a time in 12-hour AM/PM format, convert it to military (24-hour) time. Note: Midnight is 12:00:00AM on a 12-hour clock, and 00:00:00 on a 24-hour clock. Noon is 12:00:00PM on a 12-hour clock, and 12:00:00 on a 24-hour clock. Function Description. Complete the timeConversion function in the editor below. It should return a new string ... 1. Challenge: Solve Me First.
From: www.kodnest.com

 1. Challenge: Solve Me First

Complete the function solveMeFirst to compute the sum of two integers.

Function prototype:

int solveMeFirst(int a, int b);

Return values

Sample Input

Sample Output

Solution:

2. Challenge: Staircase

Consider a staircase of size :

Observe that its base and height are both equal to n, and the image is drawn using # symbols and spaces. The last line is not preceded by any spaces.

Write a program that prints a staircase of size n .

Function Description

Complete the staircase function in the editor below. It should print a staircase as described above.

staircase has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

A single integer,n , denoting the size of the staircase.

Constraints

0 < n ≤ 100

Output Format

Print a staircase of size n using # symbols and spaces.

Note: The last line must have 0 spaces in it.

Sample Input

Sample Output

Solution:

3. Challenge: Plus Minus

Given an array of integers, calculate the fractions of its elements that are positive, negative, and are zeros. Print the decimal value of each fraction on a new line.

Note: This challenge introduces precision problems. The test cases are scaled to six decimal places, though answers with absolute error of upto 10-4 are acceptable.

For example, given the array  arr = [1,1,0,-1,-1] there are 5 elements, two positive, two negative and one zero. Their ratios would be 2/5 = 0.400000 , 2/5 = 0.400000 and 1/5 = 0.200000 . It should be printed as

Function Description

Complete the plusMinus function in the editor below. It should print out the ratio of positive, negative and zero items in the array, each on a separate line rounded to six decimals.

plusMinus has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

The first line contains an integer,n , denoting the size of the array.
The second line contains n space-separated integers describing an array of numbers arr(arr[0], arr[1], arr[2], … , arr[n-1]).

Constraints

0 < n ≤ 100

-100 ≤ arr[i] ≤ 100

Output Format

You must print the following 3 lines:

Sample Input

Sample Output

Solution:

4. Challenge: Diagonal Difference

Given a square matrix, calculate the absolute difference between the sums of its diagonals.

For example, the square matrix  arr is shown below:

1 2 3
4 5 6
9 8 9 

The left-to-right diagonal = 1+5+9=15. The right to left diagonal = 3+5+9=17. Their absolute difference is |15-17|=2.

Function description

Complete the diagonalDifference function in the editor below. It must return an integer representing the absolute diagonal difference.

diagonalDifference takes the following parameter:

Input Format

The first line contains a single integer ,n , the number of rows and columns in the matrix arr . 
Each of the next  n lines describes a row, arr[i], and consists of n space-separated integers arr[i][j].

Constraints

Output Format

Print the absolute difference between the sums of the matrix’s two diagonals as a single integer.

Sample Input

10 8 -12

Sample Output

5.Challenge: A Very Big Sum

Calculate and print the sum of the elements in an array, keeping in mind that some of those integers may be quite large.

Function Description

Complete the aVeryBigSum function in the editor below. It must return the sum of all array elements.

aVeryBigSum has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

The first line of the input consists of an integer n .
The next line contains n space-separated integers contained in the array.

Output Format

Print the integer sum of the elements in the array.

Constraints 
1 ≤ 10 ≤ n

0 ≤ ar[i] ≤ 1010

Sample Input

6. Challenge: Simple Array Sum

Given an array of integers, find the sum of its elements.

For example, if the array ar = [1,2,3],1+2+3=6 , so return 6 .

Function Description

Complete the simpleArraySum function in the editor below. It must return the sum of the array elements as an integer.

simpleArraySum has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

The first line contains an integer, , denoting the size of the array. 
The second line contains  space-separated integers representing the array’s elements.

Constraints

0 < n , ar[i] ≤ 1000

Output Format

Print the sum of the array’s elements as a single integer.

Sample Input

Sample Output

7. Challenge: Compare the Triplets

Alice and Bob each created one problem for HackerRank. A reviewer rates the two challenges, awarding points on a scale from 1 to 100 for three categories: problem clarity, originality, and difficulty.

We define the rating for Alice’s challenge to be the triplet a = (a[0],a[1],a[2]), and the rating for Bob’s challenge to be the triplet b = (b[0],b[1],b[2]).

Your task is to find their comparison points by comparing a[0] with b[0], a[1] with b[1], and a[2] with b[2].

Comparison points is the total points a person earned.

Given a and b, determine their respective comparison points.

For example, a = [1,2,3] and b = [3,2,1]. For elements 0, Bob is awarded a point because a[0] < b[0]. For the equal elements a[1] and b[1], no points are earned. Finally, for elements 2,a[2] > b[2] so Alice receives a point. Your return array would be [1,1] with Alice’s score first and Bob’s second.

Function Description

Complete the function compareTriplets in the editor below. It must return an array of two integers, the first being Alice’s score and the second being Bob’s.

compareTriplets has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

The first line contains 3 space-separated integers, a[0],a[1] , and a[2], describing the respective values in triplet a. 
The second line contains 3 space-separated integers, b[0],b[1] , and b[2], describing the respective values in triplet b.

Constraints

Output Format

Return an array of two integers denoting the respective comparison points earned by Alice and Bob.

Sample Input 0

Sample Output 0

Solution:

8. Challenge: Divisible Sum Pairs 9. Challenge: Kangaroo 10. Challenge: Drawing Book 11. Challenge: Birthday Cake Candles 12. Challenge: Bon Appetit 13. Challenge: Sock Merchant 14. Challenge: Apple and Orange 15. Challenge: Between two Sets 16. Challenge: Mini-Max Sum 17. Challenge: Grading Students 18. Challenge: Breaking the Records 19. Challenge: Migratory Birds 20. Challenge: Birthday Chocolate 21. Challenge: Time Conversion 22. Challenge: Library Fine 23. Challenge: Save the Prisoner! 24. Challenge: Jumping on the Clouds: Revisited 25. Challenge: Counting Valleys 26. Challenge: Viral Advertising 27. Challenge: Beautiful Days at the Movies 28. Challenge: Electronics Shop 29. Challenge: Cats and a Mouse 30. Challenge: Day of the Programmer 31. Challenge: The Hurdle Race 32. Challenge: Utopian Tree 33. Challenge: Service Lane 34. Challenge: Circular Array Rotation 35. Challenge: Sherlock and Squares 36. Challenge: Angry Professor 37. Challenge: Extra Long Factorials 38. Challenge: Minimum Distances 39. Challenge: Non-Divisible Subset 40. Challenge: Beautiful Triplets 41. Challenge: Jumping on the Clouds 42. Challenge: Equalize the Array 43. Challenge: Designer of PDF Viewers 44. Challenge: Forming a Magic Square 45. Challenge: Repeated String 46. Challenge: Bitwise AND 47. Challenge: Divisible Pairs Sum 48. Challenge: Append and Delete 49. Challenge: Picking Numbers 50. Challenge: Climbing the Leaderboard 51. Challenge: Sequence Equation 52. Challenge: Find Digits 53. Challenge: Chocolate Feast 54. Challenge: Cut the Sticks

You are given a number of sticks of varying lengths. You will iteratively cut the sticks into smaller sticks, discarding the shortest pieces until there are none left. At each iteration you will determine the length of the shortest stick remaining, cut that length from each of the longer sticks and then discard all the pieces of that shortest length. When all the remaining sticks are the same length, they cannot be shortened so discard them.

Given the lengths of n sticks, print the number of sticks that are left before each iteration until there are none left.

For example, there are n = 3 sticks of lengths arr = [1,2,3]. The shortest stick length is 1, so we cut that length from the longer two and discard the pieces of length 1. Now our lengths are arr = [1,2]. Again, the shortest stick is of length 1, so we cut that amount from the longer stick and discard those pieces. There is only one stick left, arr = [1], so we discard that stick. Our lengths are answer = [3,2,1].

Function Description

Complete the cutTheSticks function in the editor below. It should return an array of integers representing the number of sticks before each cut operation is performed.

cutTheSticks has the following parameter(s):

Input Format

The first line contains a single integer n, the size of arr. 
The next line contains n space-separated integers, each an arr[i] where each value represents the length of the ith stick.

Output Format

For each operation, print the number of sticks that are present before the operation on separate lines.

Constraints

Sample Input 0

Sample Output 0

Solution:

55. Challenge: ACM ICPC 56. Challenge: Taum and B’day 57. Challenge: The Time in Words 58. Challenge: Flatland Space Stations 59. Challenge: Lisa’s Workbook 60. Challenge: Fair Rations 61. Challenge: Manasa and Stones 62. Challenge: Cavity Map 63. Challenge: The Grid Search 64. Challenge: Happy Ladybugs 65. Challenge: Strange Counter 66. Challenge:Consecutive 1’s in Binary Numbers


Bon Profit

May 04, 2013 · Ja tornem a ser aquí! Avui, amb moltes novetats i emocions fortes, com fer cubcakes, i notícies de la revista del centre, entre d'altres ! Com ja sabeu, ens podeu escoltar en directe des d'aquest ENLLAÇ, i si no en tens l'ocació, sempre ens pots escoltar en diferit en aquesta mateixa pàgina. BON PROFIT, i ens veiem a la una I comenteu a sota el que opineu …Programa de radio.
From: programabonprofit.blogspot.com


The Thief's Story

± I thought that over for a minute. ... a profit of about a rupee a day. I think he knew I made a little money this way but he did not seem to mind. The Thief’s Story 9 ± 10 Footprints without F eet Anil made money by fits and starts. He would borrow one week, lend the next. He kept worrying about his next cheque, but as soon as it.
From: ncert.nic.in


PHÂN BÓN GROUP

Sở Khoa học và Công nghệ tỉnh Thừa Thiên-Huế thông qua Trung tâm Ứng dụng tiến bộ Khoa học và Công nghệ thực hiện thành công dự án “Hỗ trợ nhân rộng mô hình xử lý vấn nạn bèo tây bằng chế phẩm sinh học Micromix-3 thành phân hữu cơ sinh học “.Cong ty TNHH Phan Bon Group chuyen ve linh vuc san xuat phan bon.
Keyword: PHAN BON GROUP, Phân bón group.
From: phanbongroup.com


Recovery of Aboveground Plant Biomass and Productivity ...

335 ± 68 g m"2 y"1 in the mature site, but in the dry chronosequence it peaked at 410 ± 43 g m"2 y"1 in a 15-year-old stand dominated by deciduous trees and shrubs. Key factors regulat- ing biomass accumulation and production in these ecosystems appear to be the abundance and composition of re-sprouting species early in suc-.
From: macklab.nau.edu


phan bon, DAP

Với cây mọc dưới nước thì việc thay nước là giải pháp cần làm ngay. Với cây trồng cạn thì tưới nước sẽ làm cho phân bị loãng ra và trực di xuống tầng dưới. Nếu bị ngộ độc bởi vi lượng thì có thể bón them vôi, lân. Việc bón thêm vôi hoặc lân sẽ làm cho pH ...Ngo doc dinh duong tren cay trong va bien phap xu ly.
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World Beyblade Organization is a fan-run, non-profit group maintained by Fighting Spirits Inc. and is not affiliated with Hasbro, Takara-Tomy, Sunrights Inc, d-rights inc, or any other official Beyblade license holders.Closed threads will be moved to this forum for archival..
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From: www.sciencedirect.com


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From: consortiumnews.com


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From: www.sciencedirect.com